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Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

How is the virus transmitted?

  • Novel Coronavirus strains are spread from person to person through contaminated droplets from a person who is sick with the illness (through coughing or sneezing) or contaminated hands.
  • The virus can spread through touching an infected surface.
  • The incubation period extends from 1 to 14 days (that means the amount of time from being exposed to the virus to showing symptoms)

 The symptoms are: 

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Sore throat

Note: Not everyone with a cold or upper respiratory symptom needs to get tested for COVID-19. Only a person with symptoms and travel history can do the test.

Is there any treatment for COVID-19? 

The treatment of COVID-19 depends on enhancing the immunity level of patients, treating the symptoms and easing complications, as there is no specific treatment for the virus to date.

Is there a vaccine against the Novel coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Currently, there is no available vaccine that protects against novel coronavirus.

When should I wash my hands?

  • After handling animals or animal waste
  • When hands are dirty
  • After toilet use
  • After coughing or sneezing
  • When caring for the sick
  • Before, during and after you prepare food
  • Before and after eating

 How to greet people while having respiratory symptoms such as a cough and a cold?

  • Avoid shaking hands and just wave. 
  • Avoid nose-to-nose greeting.
  • Avoid hugging or kissing others.

Can facemasks protect me from COVID-19?

Facemasks can’t protect you from the disease, in fact, it can cause the user to constantly touch their face to adjust their mask, which increases the risk of transmission if your hand is infected.

It should only be used under two conditions:

  • If you are suffering from respiratory symptoms such as coughing and sneezing
  • If you are taking care of someone suffering from respiratory symptoms

Source:

World Health Organization

Dubai Health Authority: dha.gov.ae

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