Most sports injuries are due to either trauma or overuse of muscles or joints. The majority are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, tendons, or bones, including:
- Contusions (bruises)
Some examples of strains are:
- Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is characterized by pain in the backside of the elbow and forearm, along the thumb side when the arm is alongside the body with the thumb turned away. The pain is caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist backward away from the palm.
- Golfer’s or baseball elbow (medial epicondylitis). Medial epicondylitis, also known as golfer’s elbow, is characterized by pain from the elbow to the wrist on the palm side of the forearm. The pain is caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist toward the palm.
- Lumbar strain. A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back, which results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore. Trauma of great force can injure the tendons and muscles in the lower back. Pushing and pulling sports, such as weight lifting or football, can lead to a lumbar strain. In addition, sports that need sudden twisting of the lower back, such as basketball, baseball, and golf can lead to this injury.
- Jumper’s knee. Jumper’s knee, also known as patellar tendonitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to shin bone (tibia). The condition may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces.
- Runner’s knee. Runner’s knee, also known as patellofemoral stress syndrome, is when the patella, or kneecap, does not move well in the groove of the femur (thigh bone). Runner’s knee may be caused by a structural defect, or a certain way of walking or running.
What to do if you have an injury
If you’ve injured yourself, you may have immediate pain, tenderness, swelling, bruising, and restricted movement or stiffness in the affected area. Sometimes, these symptoms may only be noticeable several hours after exercising or playing sports.
Stop exercising if you feel pain, regardless of whether your injury happened suddenly or you’ve had the pain for a while. Continuing to exercise while injured may cause further damage and slow your recovery.
If you have a minor injury, you do not usually need to see a doctor and can look after yourself at home. However, you may want to visit a GP, for advice if your symptoms do not get better over time.
Treating Sports Injury
You can usually treat common minor injuries yourself by:
- Resting the affected part of the body for the first 48 to 72 hours to prevent further damage
- Regularly applying an ice pack to the affected area during the first 48 to 72 hours to reduce swelling
- Using over the counter pain relievers to relieve pain
If your symptoms are severe or do not improve within a few days or weeks, your family physician may be able to refer you for specialist treatment and support, such as physiotherapy OR Sport physiotherapy expert.
Prevention of Sports Injury
Sports Injuries are common and can often be attributed to missing out important steps such as the ‘warm-up’ and the ‘cool down’. Failing to warm up first and cool down afterwards may increase the chances of suffering an injury, which could potentially lead to problems like osteoarthritis in later life. The joints are the areas that take a huge amount of pressure, along with the muscles, so making sure we take care of those areas is crucial. Warm-up really acts to reduce the stress on those areas, reduce the potential for injury and keep us safe while we’re exercising.
If you are taking up a new sport or a regular attendee to the gym to help you avoid injury here are some top tips from the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy on warming up properly.
Rehabilitation for sports injuries
A rehabilitation program for sports injuries is designed to meet the needs of the individual patient, depending on the type and severity of the injury. Active involvement of the patient and family is vital to the success of the program.
The goal of rehabilitation after an amputation is to help the patient return to the highest level of function and independence possible, while improving the overall quality of life–physically, emotionally, and socially.
In order to help reach these goals, sports injury rehabilitation programs may include the following:
- Activity restrictions
- Physical or occupational therapy
- Exercise programs to stretch and strengthen the area
- Conditioning exercises to help prevent further injury
- Heat or cold applications and whirlpool treatments
- Applications of braces, splints, or casts to immobilize the area
- Use of crutches or wheelchairs
- Pain management techniques
- Patient and family education
Should you require additional information or would like to make an appointment with our Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon Dr. Ishrat Khan OR Physical Therapists, Anil Daniel, OR Hadel Radwan please call us or e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Disclaimer: All contents on this site are for general information and in no circumstances information be substituted for professional advice from the relevant healthcare professional, Writer does not take responsibility of any damage done by the misuse or use of the information.