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Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity, Causes and Treatment

Adult acquired flatfoot is a very common condition that affects the feet and ankles of adult males and females. In people with adult acquired flatfoot, the arch of the foot falls or collapses. It can be a painful, sometimes debilitating condition. However, a painful flatfoot can usually be helped with braces or orthotics and other non-surgical treatments. Adult acquired flatfoot is different than flatfoot in children. Children will usually outgrow flatfoot on their own, often without treatment. In adults, flat feet usually

Herniated Lumbar Disk: Causes and treatment options.

Your spine is made of 24 moveable bones called vertebrae. The lumbar (lower back) section of the spine bears most of the weight of the body. There are 5 lumbar vertebrae numbered L1 to L5. The vertebrae are separated by cushiony discs, which act as shock absorbers preventing the vertebrae from rubbing together. The outer ring of the disc is called the annulus. It has fibrous bands that attach between the bodies of each vertebra. Each disc has a gel-filled

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes (plantar fascia). Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As you get up and move, the pain normally decreases, but it might return after long periods of standing or when you stand up after

Achilles Tendinopathy

Achilles tendinopathy is a condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness of the Achilles tendon that joins your heel bone to your calf muscles. It is thought to be caused by repeated tiny injuries to the Achilles tendon. These may occur for a number of reasons, including overuse of the tendon – for example, in runners. Treatment includes rest, ice packs, painkillers and special exercises to help to stretch and strengthen the Achilles tendon. For most people, the symptoms of

Mid-thoracic Back Pain

Mid-thoracic back pain is pain in the middle of your back, from the base of your neck to the bottom of your ribs. Causes of middle back pain include: Muscle strainPoor postureDiseases such as osteoarthritisStressLack of strength,Prolonged sitting at a computerUsing a backpackOveruse injuries (such as repetitive motion), orTrauma (such as a whiplash injury caused by a car accident or as a result of a sports injury). Symptoms of mid-thoracic back pain Symptoms of mid-thoracic back pain include: Pain, which can be dull, burning, or

Urolithiasis in Pregnancy: Beyond the Abstract

Urolithiasis in pregnancy is a major health concern and can potentially affect the well-being of both mother and foetus. It ranks as the most common cause of urological-related abdominal pain in pregnant women. and can be a source of considerable morbidity to the mother and significant health risk to the foetus. The article gives a detailed insight on the epidemiology of the problem. The incidence of urolithiasis in pregnancy has been reported variedly from 1:188 to 1:4600, [2,3], although a

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Symptoms, Causes and Management

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Each kidney is about the size of a fist. Your kidneys filter extra water and wastes out of your blood and make urine. Kidney disease means your kidneys are damaged and can’t filter blood the way they should. Kidney Functions Help remove waste and excess fluidFilter the blood, keeping some compounds while removing othersControl the production of red blood cellsMake vitamins that control growthRelease hormones that help regulate blood pressureHelp regulate blood pressure, red blood

Environmental Allergies: Causes, symptoms and treatments.

Environmental allergies are an immune response to something in your surroundings that’s typically otherwise harmless. Symptoms of environmental allergies vary from person to person but can include sneezing, coughing, and fatigue. environmental allergies are a response to triggers you come into contact with in your surroundings or inhale during your day-to-day activities. Symptoms The symptoms of environmental allergies can be similar to a cold, but they’re not caused by the same thing. A virus causes a cold while allergies are a reaction

Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms & Management

Hemorrhoids are the pillow-like clusters of veins that lie just beneath the mucous membranes lining the lowest part of the rectum and the anus. The condition most of us call hemorrhoids (or piles) develops when those veins become swollen and distended, like varicose veins in the legs. . Who is more likely to get hemorrhoids? You are more likely to get hemorrhoids if you: Strain during bowel movementsSit on the toilet for long periods of time.Have chronic constipation or diarrheaEat foods that are low in fiberAre older than age 50.Are

Sports Injuries

Most sports injuries are due to either trauma or overuse of muscles or joints. The majority are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, tendons, or bones, including: Contusions (bruises)SprainsStrainsFracturesDislocations Some examples of strains are: Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is characterized by pain in the backside of the elbow and forearm, along the thumb side when the arm is alongside the body with the thumb turned away. The pain is caused by damage to the tendons that