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Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain is an injury to the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that surround and connect the bones around the ankle joint. It typically happens when you accidentally twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the ligaments but can also affect tendons and blood vessels in the surrounding areas. Sprained Ankle Causes Anything that stretches your ankle more than it’s used to can hurt a ligament. This usually happens when your foot is turned inward

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common. Cancer starts when cells in the body start to grow out of control. The colon and rectum To understand colorectal cancer, it helps to know about the normal structure and function of the colon and rectum. The colon and rectum make

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee occurs when the bony surfaces (cartilage) between the thigh bone and shin bone, and sometimes on the back of the kneecap (patella), become worn and uneven. This prevents smooth movement of the joint and can be a normal part of the ageing process.Knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) is a progressive disease caused by inflammation and degeneration of the knee joint that worsens over time. It affects the entire joint, including bone, cartilage, ligaments, and muscles. Its progression

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has two main parts: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwelcome thoughts, images, urges, worries or doubts that repeatedly appear in your mind. They can make you feel very anxious (although some people describe it as ‘mental discomfort’ rather than anxiety). Compulsions are repetitive activities that you do to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession. It could be something like repeatedly checking a door is locked, repeating a specific phrase in your head or checking how your body feels. It’s

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome is the result of a vicious cycle of rubbing of the rotator cuff between your humerus and top outer edge of your shoulder. The rubbing leads to more swelling and further narrowing of the space, which result in pain and irritation. Treatments include rest, ice, anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, cortisone injections and surgery. How does shoulder impingement syndrome develop? When your rotator cuff is irritated or injured, it swells in much the same way your ankle does when it

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is defined as pain that lasts at least 12 weeks. The pain may feel sharp or dull, causing a burning or aching sensation in the affected areas. It may be steady or intermittent, coming and going without any apparent reason. Chronic pain can occur in nearly any part of your body. The pain can feel different in the various affected areas. Most common types of chronic pain include: HeadachePostsurgical painPost-trauma painLower back painCancer painArthritis painNeurogenic pain (pain caused by nerve

Cervical Vertigo

Cervical vertigo, or cervicogenic dizziness, is a neck-related sensation in which a person feels like either they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning. Poor neck posture, neck disorders, or trauma to the cervical spine cause this condition.  Causes of cervical vertigo There are a number of potential causes of cervical vertigo, though this condition is still being researched. Blockage of arteries in the neck from hardening (atherosclerosis) or tearing of these arteries (dissection) are causes. The dizziness is caused in these cases by

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy helps to restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury, illness or disability. It can also help to reduce the risk of injury or illness in the future. When is physiotherapy used? Physiotherapy can be helpful for people of all ages with a wide range of health conditions, including problems affecting the: Bones, joints and soft tissue – such as back pain, neck pain, shoulder pain and sports injuriesBrain or nervous system – such as movement problems resulting from a stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS) or Parkinson’s diseaseHeart and circulation – such as rehabilitation after

Liver Disease

The liver is the largest organ in the human body. It performs over 500 functions, including digestion of proteins, mineral storage, bile production and blood filtration. Many health problems can keep your liver from functioning properly and cause disease. There are several common symptoms of liver disease, including jaundice, liver failure and liver enlargement. Liver Function The liver performs many functions essential for good health and long life. Among its most important jobs are: Producing important substances. Your liver continually produces bile. This is a chemical that

Gallstones

Gallstones form when bile stored in the gallbladder hardens into stone-like material. Too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin (bile pigment) can cause gallstones. Gallstones don’t usually cause any symptoms. But if a gallstone blocks one of the bile ducts, it can cause sudden, severe abdominal pain, known as biliary colic. Abdominal pain (biliary colic) Gallstones can cause sudden, severe abdominal pain that usually lasts 1 to 5 hours, although it can sometimes last just a few minutes. The pain can be felt: In the center of your abdomen